Bay Blue Kennels in the Press

Tera Lanczak and Bay Blue Kennels have been featured in several publications, including Woods 'N Water Magazine, Michigan Out-Of-Doors, Hooks & Bullets Magazine, and more. Some of these articles can be seen below. Click the titles to view.
"What's the Purpose of it All?"
"Ask the Pro: Walking Baseball"
"Madam's Best Friend"
"A Lady and her Lab"
"A Young Lab and Wood Ducks"
"What's the Purpose of it All?"
Point, Flush, Retrieve
Nov/Dec - 2013
Volume 1, Issue 6
by Tera Lanczak

Hunters, retriever enthusiasts, and dog owners alike can all agree that the unconditional love and devotion these animals give on a daily basis is both amazing and inspiring. So, what's the purpose of owning a dog? Well there are many reasons. Whether it be to save the lives of soldiers, compete in events, or just retrieve for us in the marsh, having a trained dog is imperative!

The days of getting by on having a good looking dog and a 10 yard over during a blind retrieve are a thing of the past. In today's world, dogs must be quiet and obedient, no matter what their purpose may be. And in the competitive world, these simple tasks are taken to the extreme. Not only is the dog required to be a good companion, but they must possess a burning desire to retrieve the birds no matter what obstacles or distractions enter into their path.

So, why must you train your dog? Training a dog the do's and don'ts in life makes for a more enjoyable relationship with your dog. While hunting, the chance to harvest a banded bird comes to some maybe once in a lifetime. This opportunity to bag the coveted prize can be easily missed when the bird lands in waist-high water covered in cattails. With the ever changing weather and conditions becoming more difficult and hunting land scarcer, the simple retrieve gets even more challenging. However, the dog that is trained (taught) how to maneuver through the cover and adapt to these situations is ultimately going to put more birds in your bag.

On the other hand, we as trainers, handlers, and judges make the competitive retrievers' job next to impossible. Not only does the retriever have to have good eyes to mark the birds, he must know how and when to honor his nose, he must also possess the willingness and intelligence to make the correct decisions on the way to the birds. And he must have a desire to play the game. Now herein lies where the complexity begins. The dogs can't retrieve the birds in the order they wish; they must retrieve the birds in the order the handler requests. And let's not forget the rules of the water retrieves. Running around the water is not an option, but the competitive retriever must have enough training savvy and experience to know when to get into the water, how long to stay in, and exactly where to exit the water in an order that is acceptable to the handler and judges. The complexity of a blind retrieve is endless because its success is dependent on the handler's ability, the dog's ability, wind, terrain, and instructions from the judges on that particular weekend (where the rules may change for the next set of judges on the following weekend). Therefore, to be competitive a dog must have training - and lots of it.

So you ask, what is the purpose of it all? The field trial game is challenging because it is head-to-head competition matched by immeasurable variables that come into play on any given weekend. Hard work, a talented dog, and good judging does not always guarantee you will win the blue ribbon even though you may feel it was deserved. A handler's error, a loud noise from the gallery, a slipped whistle, poor lighting or a bad throw can all play into the outcome of one's success. Just because you didn't get the color doesn't mean your dog is not good. It just simply means it was not your weekend. Although these situations can and will happen to you when you decide to compete with your dog, do not get discouraged. For it is about the excitement in the thrill of the hunt, the butterflies in your stomach when your dog hits a mark just perfect, or the sheer joy you feel knowing your dog is doing something he loves. Bear in mind this is a game of percentages and patience. To learn the game is needed. A lot of luck plays into it and sometimes a leap of faith is needed to get to the next series. But with a talented animal and proper training, someday it will be your weekend to shine and the color will be yours. And so for these reasons it becomes the purpose for us to strive to better ourselves and our dogs through the complexity of retriever training in a sport we know as hunt tests and field trials.
"Madam's Best Friend"
Michigan's Hooks & Bullets Magazine
January/February 2007
by Rob Somerville
photo by Kerry Speer

Born and raised in Michigan, Tera Lanczak has been training dogs since 2000. As the owner of Bay Blue Kennels in Aug Gres, Michigan, Tera is quickly moving up the ranks. With a strong competitiveness that comes from years of playing sports, and an even stronger academic background that includes an Associate's Degree in Applied Medicine and a Paramedic certificate, Tera has the determination and willingness to learn everything she can about the industry.

Kerry Speer met Tera, age 29, at the Super Retriever Series, recently held in West Tennessee and told me about her. We thought it would be interesting to our readers how a woman has successfully broke the bonds of the historically "men dominated" dog training competition.

A professional hunting guide with several local preserves in the Gladwin/Standish area, Tera started hunting at an early age. Her medical training proves useful while on the hunt, whether it be a human or K-9 emergency. "When guiding, anything can and will happen" says Tera. Her sharp mind and quick thinking have proved to be assets in many situations.

Placing 11th in the SRS in Union City this past November is more than Tera ever hoped for. In fact, she wasn't even planning on competing. She had registered for the SRS in Shelbyville being held May 2007. But, after their top dog, Levi, passed 5 out of 5 tests for his Master Hunter Title far sooner than anticipated, Scott Greer suggested she compete in the Union City competition. "I did it for the knowledge and experience," Tera said. "Getting a placement was a bonus." Ters'a goal for the SRS next May is 5th or better.

She would like to thank the trainers, who have helped her on her way, and Wes, her inspiration over the past 7 years. She hopes to be able to share everything she has learned with future generations.

Tera's SRS Experience
The SRS competition, for Tera, was a wonderful experience. Her competing dog was Bay Blue's Leapp'in Levi, a 4 year old black lab, born June 29th, 2002. She said, "I was extremely nervous. I looked up to a lot of the people competing, and didn't really feel ready at all. I entered solely for the experience. Any placement I might receive would just be an added bonus."

Tera continued, "Due to my registration being rather last minute, no one could come down and see me compete. It was tough being alone in a strange city and with no support. There were 121 dogs competing, and in the first series, we were the 10th dog to run. I couldn't really see the first 9 dogs run, and I was hoping to see what they looked like. Levi did well though, with a score of 14, which held up most of the day to place us in 9th. At this point, I had pretty much shattered all of my expectations, so I was already pleased. The second series, Levi scored a 10, which moved us up to 2nd in the standings. Half of the dogs did not finish this round, so things were going really well for us."

"There was a day off between the second series and the semifinals (third series), and that day brought a lot of thought about the challenges to come. I was still nervous, but started to think we might be able to really do something there. In the third series, I had to carry a gun. I think Levi started to sense my nervousness and got antsy. He incurred a 5 point fault at the beginning, and we ended up with a high score, placing us in 11th. That knocked us out of the finals as only the top 5 dogs could move on."

"One thing that was quite different for me was the TV cameras. I'm not used to that, so I think it might have thrown me off my game a little. I'm really proud that we finished every series we were in, and I know we will do much better next time around."

Tera's Outdoor Background
I asked Tera how she became an outdoor woman. She replied, "My family is heavy into deer hunting and I had been taken on hunting trips as early as two years old. So, I always had a love for the outdoors and enjoyed being surrounded by the great wilderness. My Aunt Diane, who is an avid outdoors woman, was a big influence on starting me out with hunting and bought me my first BB gun at 6 years of age. That memory will always be close to my heart, because she has now passed away from cancer at age 52. But, she and my uncle argued about purchasing me the BB gun. He stated that I was too young at six and she help up her argument that I had been taught safety well and needed more practice with handling a weapon. She also argued that the younger you start her, the better she will be. My aunt was right!"

"I remember endless hours outside, from dawn till dusk, shooting at my paper plate targets and clothes pins on the clothes line. I loved my Red Rider BB Gun, bought for me on my sixth birthday by the woman I looked up to the most, my Aunt Diane. I really miss her now more than ever, because she was such a wonderful person who gave to everyone she knew. Always believing in her faith and herself, she was a hell of a shot and got to travel around the country hunting big game. That was her passion, having great respect for the animals she hunted and the wilderness she found solace in. I know that she is proudly looking down on me now, but I wish to see that gleam in her eyes and have a wonderful loving hug from her."

"I really enjoy all types of hunting. Having started out as a deer hunter, I will always hunt them and will soon hunt big game as well. But, my true passion is pheasant and goose hunting. It is just something special that is unexplainable when you get to have man's best friend as your hunting companion. The dog work out in the field shakes me to the core. I never get tired of seeing it and I always learn something new from each animal I watch or have the pleasure of being around. The images of dogs on point, backing one another, or a retriever splashing into the cool water in a bit of a chop to retrieve a big black and white bird that at times is bigger than the dog, are visuals that fill up my dreams at night."

"They are images that I consider the most beautiful things so see. The muscle tone of the animals, the strength and the desire they display are absolutely amazing and very exciting. I enjoy taking others hunting and watching the expressions on their faces when they see the display for the first time. I love it and I could not imagine doing anything different. I love the animals and the wonderful people I meet in the process."

"Currently, I am a professional diver duck, goose, and pheasant hunting guide. I guide pheasant and mallard hunts for three local preserves and provide goose hunts and diver duck hunts out of our kennel that is situated on Lake Huron. If it flies, we hunt it. We also have property that has a great turkey population and may offer hunts for them in the future as well. We are constantly evolving and trying to make what we do unique and better. We enjoy constructive criticism and encourage people to come experience the difference of hunting with Bay Blue Kennels."

"The first time I saw a good dog work I was hooked. I can not pinpoint it down to one specific event, because I think it is a combination of things I witnessed through my younger days. But I always knew deep in my heart that my life would revolve around animals. I remember seeing a pointer field trial and wondering how the handlers got their dogs to work so close and to quarter a command of a whistle. It intrigued me and I wanted to know all I could about it. So I started researching trainers, seminars, and competitions. I tried to figure out what these people could do with these dogs and how high of a level they could take them. I read everything I could from the top trainers in the country. I sought out seminars from those who were well respected and produced great dogs, and I spent time watching other trainers who were successful in the sport."

"Then I put my knowledge to work and began training gun dogs for others. It has been a fulfilling and fruitful experience that grows and gets better with every day that passes."

Editor's Note: You go girl! It is no longer only man's best friend in the field trail championships. As Tera has proved it is also madam's best friend. Watch out fellas. Here she comes!
"A Lady and Her Lab"
Michigan Out-Of-Doors
February 2004
by Ed Sutton
art by Ed Sutton

She trains hunting dogs, hunts, guides, and with sheer pleasure pursues an occupation that most people would consider an avocation. It's refreshing to see someone with this kind of dedication in the outdoor world, especially when it's a young woman.

Tera Lanczak, of Bay Blue Kennels in Au Gres, has something to prove and the tenacity to make it happen.

Gaining recognition in a business generally dominated by the male gender is no easy task. However, after spending a day in the duck marsh and pheasant fields with her, I have little doubt that she will make her mark as a renowned hunting dog trainer and handler.

It was a brisk October morning, opening day of duck season, when Tera and I first met and paired up for the hunt. Waiting for shooting time, I was snuggled up to a bleached-out stump in waist-high swamp grass beside a long, narrow beaver pond. A few feet behind me, Tera crouched with her black Labrador retriever, Levi, as we watched a pastel sky for signs of waterfowl activity along the still-shaded treeline.

Just moments before, a half-dozen wood ducks had dipped and dodged around the dead trees and splashed down 30 yards away, giving our hearts a jump-start and sending a shiver of anticipation through Levi's muscular body. We couldn't see the woodies but we could certainly hear them peeping behind a curtain of brush and deadfalls.

The ducks would stay there as long as nothing disturbed them. It would be nearly impossible to work our way around the pond without flushing them well out of range. We thought at least a dozen woodies were loafing back in that corner.

Something had to be done, but a professional trainer and guide like Tera and an energetic Lab like Levi were bound to come up with a plan. The plan was quite simple. Tera would take Levi and make a wide berth around the far end of the pond and come up on the ducks from behind. If everything went as planned. I would have woodies flying everywhere to pick from.

I waited while Tera, with Levi at heel, took the long circular route into position. About 15 minutes passed as I watched the corner for some sign of action. It came in typical wood-duck fashion: a wild, peeping explosion off the water and what seemed like a swarm of bees coming at me through the dead treetops.

Picking a single bird out of a dozen or more was almost impossible in those few tense moments. I missed completely on my first shot but recovered quickly to make two good shots for a limit of woodies. The whole plan, a successful one at that, ended as quickly as it had started. Now it was time for trainer and retriever to bring the birds to hand.

Since neither Tera nor Levi, on the opposite side of the brush, could see where the ducks had fallen, I had to point out the general area. With Levi at heel, Tera gave him a line to follow with a hand signal and sent him to fetch. He charged like an Olympic swimmer, into the water, through a tangle of brush, over deadfalls, and around standing timber to the floating, lifeless bird.

It was with great pride that Tera accepted the drake after a classic retrieve. Levi was then given a line to the second duck and soon returned with that bird in his mouth. What more can a waterfowl hunter ask from a duck hunt?

A Labrador retriever like Levi just doesn't happen overnight. The desire and ability are there but it takes a dedicated and patient trainer to bring results to fruition. Levi is still a young dog and still learning. Consequently, he still makes mistakes in his exuberance to please his handler.

Most of us would be more than happy with him as he is now, but we don't require perfection in our hunting dogs. The more experience he gets on live birds in the field, the better he will become. Time will tell, but I believe Tera will have Levi performing like a champion.

She works with all kinds of bird dogs but specializes in retrievers, especially Labradors. I did have the opportunity to watch a German wirehaired pointer that she trained work on pheasants. This dog knew what she was there for, pounding the thick cover and methodically ferreting out birds that other dogs in the field failed to find.

Tera Lanczak knows her dogs and treats them with loving care, a characteristic I would definitely want in anyone working with my dog.
"A Young Lab and Wood Ducks"
Woods 'n Water Magazine
December 2003
by Ed Sutton
photo by Ed Sutton

The morning of October 4th dawned cold and crisp in northern Gladwin County. It was opening day of duck season in the middle zone of Michigan. My partners, Tera Lanczak, a black Lab named Levi and myself crouched beside a long, narrow, tree studded beaver pond waiting for shooting time. A beaver made it quite clear, with a resounding tail slap that this was his pond and we were intruding.

Early rising wood ducks were already on the move in the dim light along the treeline. Only the swish of wings, splashdown landing and a lonesome peep betrayed their location. A glaring fall sun broke over the eastern horozin so bright that shots in that direction would be out of the question.

The first shots echoed through the clear air, like a starter's pistol, ushering in a new season. Almost simultaneously five wood ducks came out of nowhere and splashed down in a far corner hidden by a thick curtain of brush. The excited gabble of geeze off to the west wafted our way on the gentle morning breeze adding another element to the hunt should they stray within range. Levi shivered with anticipation as he scanned the nearly cloudless sky for incoming waterfowl. After watching several more wood ducks slip into the corner, Tera whispered, "I have a plan."

Her plan was to take Levi and circle wide coming up behind a beaver dam in the corner where the wood ducks were sitting. If all went as planned the ducks would flush in my direction, giving me a good shot. I figured it would take at least 10 minutes for Tera and Levi to work their way around. I waited, kneeling behind the stump in the knee-high grass, my eyes glued on the far corner for the first sign of action. I knew it would happen quickly.

It came in one frenzied few moments of birds exploding out of the brushy corner. Three or four passed to my right giving me a wide open shot. I picked a drake, swung and fired folding him neatly. A single to left was the next to fall to my Remington #6 Hevi shot. A wood duck limit all within a few moments of shooting. I love it when a plan comes together. Tera and Levi returned to finish the job.

With Levi sitting at heel, Tera gave him a line to follow with her hand and sent him out to fetch the duck farthest out. Like a finely tuned athlete, Levi powered forward through brush and over fallen trees to make a flawless retrieve of a beautifully colored drake wood duck. Moments later he repeated his performance with the second bird. A well-trained retriever makes waterfowl hunting a real pleasure. Just watching the dog work can make the way. Though we had a limit of wood ducks there were still mallards, teal and the occasional Canada goose to shoot. Hunting ducks on beaver ponds has always been a passion of mine. Maybe it's because of the challenge of ducks dodging through trees similar to grouse and woodcock hunting. However, for retrieving dogs it is hazardous duty when you consider the thick brush traps, the dead falls and the many sharp, broken stick-ups that have to be negotiated en route to a dead bird. It takes an exceptionally hardy dog to endure the rigors, not to mention icy cold water and retrieve game. Levi, though young, went about his business with great intensity.

Marking downed birds and at times completely disappearing beneath the surface during a retrieve only to pop up and keep on going. Labradors are born with the ability and intensity, but it takes a knowledgeable trainer to channel these attributes in the right direction.

In my limited experience, one day of hunting, with one of Tera Lanczak's dogs, she is a young dog trainer that exhibits the knowledge, capacity and patience to bring out these qualities in a hunting dog. She is the owner of Bay Blue Kennels in Au Gres, specializing in Labrador retrievers. Tera raises and breeds hunting dogs and offers puppies, started and finished dogs at her kennels.

Besides raising and training dogs she also guides bird hunters, both upland and waterfowl. If you're like most hunters you probably don't have the time or patience to train your own dog, so why not do yourself and your dog a favor and send him to school for a few weeks? A well-trained dog makes a happy hunter.
"Ask the Pro: Walking Baseball"
Retriever News
December 2010
by Tera Lanczak

Casting and Lining Made Easy
WALKING BASEBALL was designed by D.L. Walters in the 1970's. His goal with the drill was to isolate a dog's weakness on casting and carrying a cast. But as one performs the drill it is apparent the drill does so much more. D.L. was very innovative and an excellent communicator with dogs. However, the walking baseball drill (as diagramed in his widely helpful book, "Training Retrievers to Handle") is extremely complex. I learned about this drill and saw its value while apprenticing at Blackwater Retrievers, in Centerview, MO. I worked with a variety of dogs at various stages of training during my apprenticeship, ultimately reaching my goal to develop young retrievers through basics into transition. There, I saw the endless benefits of walking baseball that were not mentioned in Walters' book. It is clear these attributes were just as beneficial for the dog and handler as the casting itself. Through this realization, I discovered the drill was a positive and productive way to trouble-shoot and isolate problems; such as flaring, spinning, no-goes, popping, bugging, lacking momentum and freezing on casts. As I witnessed the dog's trials and tribulations, I developed new strategies and enhancements using the concepts of walking baseball to alleviate many of these common problems.

The philosophy behind walking baseball is to practice going and stopping, while increasing the accuracy of casting and distance in casts through successful repetition. Walking baseball also promotes teamwork, confidence, improves focus while building trust, momentum and memory through the success of retrieving. As the handler works walking baseball, the dog's attitude will soar.

So what is walking baseball? Imagine a baseball diamond where the dog is sitting on the pitcher's mound facing home plate, and the handler stands a few feet away from the dog facing the outfield. This position is known as the "remote position." Now picture a single bumper placed at 1st, 2nd, and 3rd base. The handler will cast the dog with a right or left over to retrieve bumpers at 1st and 3rd base. Then, the handler will cast right or left back to 2nd base completing the drill known as simple baseball. Walking baseball is an extended version of simple baseball. Rather than performing the casts with the dog and handler stationary as illustrated in simple baseball, walking baseball adds degrees of difficulty by requiring the dog to perform the same over and back casts with added distance and forever changing terrain due to the handler and dog walking to different areas of the field.

Walking baseball is best utilized with dogs just coming out of reinforcement (force) training. Depending on the training program you are following, walking baseball can be taught after the advanced 3-leg pattern or Double T. Walking baseball is an interim step in teaching a dog cold blinds. During reinforcement work the dog can become very overwhelmed. The dog is experiencing physical and mental stressors, failures and successes, going, stopping, and coming to the handler all at the same time. Walking baseball was created to be a fun, non-stressful and highly successful drill for the dog.

To begin "walking baseball" you will need:
  • An open field with short cover (soccer fields, cut hay fields or parks). Advanced Dogs: any open space will suffice.
  • Two 3-inch white bumpers with throw ropes. Advanced Dogs: two 2-inch orange bumpers.
  • White or bright orange surveyors tape.
  • Handler in white jacket.
  • E-collar or Short Leach (one the dog can run with).
  • Whistle.
Now we are ready to begin walking baseball. We start with bumpers in hand and your dog in the remote position. Throw your first bumper directly behind the dog over the shoulder on the side you are going to cast. (Throw #1 to the North). If the dog turns its head to see the bumper that is fine, however you want to discourage any movement of the dog's rear. Make sure your dog remains steady and then turn directly away from your dog walking 10 or so yards. Next face your dog and make sure handler, dog and bumper are aligned. So when the RB cast is given it is an accurate RB cast, NOT a right-hand angle back cast. Once you are facing your dog, throw your second bumper 90 degrees to your left (West). This throw is labeled Throw #2 on the diagram. After Throw #2, regain your dog's focus by giving a whistle blast. Once the dog is focused give the right-hand back (RB) cast to the bumper labeled Throw #1.

As the dog picks up Throw #1, the handler should begin walking directly away from Throw #2 (handler travels to the East on diagram). Receive the dog in the remote position with Throw #2 directly behind the dog. Leave the dog and walk to the East again, stop to face your dog and throw the bumper 90 degrees to your right (to the North). This throw is labeled Throw #3 on the diagram. Regain dog's focus and give a left-hand back cast (LB) to Throw #2. Once the dog picks up Throw #2 the handler should begin walking away from Throw #3 traveling south as pictured on the diagram. Again, receive the dog in the remote position, leave the dog seated walking further South, turn and face the dog, throw the bumper to your left (the West) to Throw #4, regain focus and cast RB. Repeat this sequence 10 to 12 times depending on the success of casts, energy level and size of the field.

To end walking baseball refer to diagram #2. This diagram illustrates what the field looks like to a dog just worked on walking baseball. Notice where previous bumpers have been thrown and paths of travel designated by the black arrows. However, the only bumpers on the ground will be throws #4 and #5. So let's assume Throw #4 is your last cast you intend to give, instead of throwing to the North as previously done with Throw #3. The handler is now going to throw in the opposite direction to the south. This throw is labeled Throw #5 on the diagram. Once again, regain the dog's attention and give the cast opposite of your last throw - this would be an RB cast. As the dog picks up Throw #4, the handler should begin walking back to the starting point of the drill. Make sure to position yourself and the dog so the line to the blind (Throw #5) is through the middle of the areas where previous bumpers were thrown. This line is designated in red on Diagram #2. Even though this is a "sight blind," the diversions (old falls) will create the opportunity to change the dog's direction and cast away from them. This is an excellent way to introduce the diversion concept in its simplest form on an unfamiliar field rather than a pattern field.

Walking lining is an enhancement to walking baseball; it was designed to aid in trouble-shooting and to ease the anxieties of dogs that are uncomfortable working from the handler's side. The sequence of throws for walking lining are the same as those in walking baseball, the only difference is the handler sends the dog to the bumper from his/her side. The benefits to walking lining are: better initial lines, the dog pushes/pulls easier, the dog establishes focus quicker and most importantly the dog believes where the handler is pointing them. Walking lining produces a dog that runs harder, straighter, and for longer distances all while maintaining a positive attitude towards blinds.

Keep in mind this drill is designed to be a non-reinforcement (force) training session for the dogs. If something breaks down, such as a whistle sit or momentum, stop your course of action and address the problem. Be FLEXIBLE with the issue. Do not be quick to correct for some issues, such as momentum, they will build as the drill progresses. If the handler notices a pattern (behavior that occurs three or more times) the behavior must be addressed. For instance, if a dog is not sitting on the whistle, DO NOT correct the issue in the field during the walking baseball drill. Stop the drill, take the dog to a different place and reinforce the whistle sit in a separate drill. Most of the time the reinforcement session will carry over to the next lesson of walking baseball. However, if your dog continues to not sit on the command, then the whistle must be reinforced in the field during your walking baseball lessons. As a precautionary measure, I would not use reinforcement as my first course of action on a dog new to the drill.

Another attribute to walking baseball is the improvement of a dog's memory. Walking baseball builds a dog's memory in a more controlled environment as a drill rather than in a marking scenario where the excitement levels can be distracting to your lesson. Walking baseball accomplishes this by the gradual increase in the delay and distance between casts. The improvement of memory will carry over to your dog's multiple marking abilities. The dog that practices walking baseball displays a better focus on their memory birds and an easier time in picking out longer gunners.

Not only does walking baseball develop the dog but the handler as well. The drill aids in the handler's abilities to pick out landmarks such as trees, change in color, ground cover, and backgrounds in reference to the position of the previous bumper thrown. This is where white surveyors tape tied in a two-foot streamer on the ropes of your bumpers comes in handy. The more accurate the handler on knowing exactly where the bumper is the sharper the dog will cast and carry that cast. When working your dog it will be important to note factors like ditches, paths, hills and wind direction, while paying special attention to the way your dog negotiates these factors. The dog's response to these factors will become critical information during hunting, training, and testing scenarios.

Simple baseball and walking baseball have been around for a long time. However, if the handler is patient, utilizes repetition in conjunction with successful retrieves there can be so much more to gain than just casting and carrying casts. Now the retriever team is well-prepared to go to the field and take their training to the next level. Have fun and enjoy growing and advancing with your dog.